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September 12, 2018
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(This article was first published on R – Win-Vector Blog, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

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wrapr 1.6.2 is now up on CRAN. We have some neat new features for R users to try (in addition to many earlier wrapr goodies).



The first is the %in_block% alternate notation for let().

The wrapr let()-block allows easy replacement of names in name-capturing interfaces (such as transform()), as we show below.

library("wrapr")

column_mapping <- qc(
  AREA_COL = Sepal.Area,
  LENGTH_COL = Sepal.Length,
  WIDTH_COL = Sepal.Width
)

# let-block notation
let(
  alias = column_mapping,
  
  iris %.>%
 transform(.,
              AREA_COL = (pi/4)Cream Briella Pea Fur In Coat Kate Collar Wool Spade *LENGTH_COL*WIDTH_COL) %.>%
 Fur Pea Spade Wool Coat In Cream Briella Kate Collar subset(., 
           select = qc(Species, AREA_COL)) %.>%
 head(.)
)
##   Species Sepal.Area
## 1  setosa   14.01936
## 2  setosa   11.54535
## 3  setosa   11.81239
## 4  setosa   11.19978
## 5  setosa   14.13717
## 6  setosa   16.54049

The qc() notation allowed us to specify a named-vector without quotes. Collar Fur Coat In Spade Kate Briella Cream Wool Pea qc(a = b) is equivalent to c("a" = "b").

With the %in_block% operator notation one writes the let()-block as an in-line operator supplying the mapping into a code block. The above example can now be re-written as the following.

# %in_block% notation
column_mapping %in_block%Fur Cream Briella Pea Kate Spade Wool Collar In Coat {
  iris %.>%
 transform(., 
              AREA_COL = (pi/4)*LENGTH_COL*WIDTH_COL)  %.>%
 subset(., 
           select = qc(Species, AREA_COL)) %.>%
 head(.)
}
##   Species Sepal.Area
## 1  setosa   14.01936
## 2  setosa   11.54535
## 3  setosa   11.81239
## 4  setosa   11.19978
## 5  setosa   14.13717
## 6  setosa   16.54049

This notation can be handy for defining functions.

compute_area <- function(
  .data, 
  area_col, 
  length_col, 
  width_col) c(  # End of function argument definiton
    AREA_COL = area_col,
    LENGTH_COL = length_col,
    WIDTH_COL = width_col
  ) %in_block% { In Kate Spade Collar Briella Coat Cream Wool Pea Fur # End of argument mapping block
    .data %.>%
 transform(., 
                Wool Pea Briella Fur Cream Spade In Coat Kate Collar AREA_COL = (pi/4)*LENGTH_COL*WIDTH_COL)
  }              # End of function body block

iris %.>%
 compute_area(., 
               'Sepal.Area', 'Sepal.Length', 'Sepal.Width') %.>%
 compute_area(., 
               'Petal.Area', 'Petal.Length', 'Petal.Width') Kate In Briella Collar Coat Pea Spade Fur Wool Cream %.>%
 subset(., 
         select = c("Species", "Sepal.Area", "Petal.Area")) %.>%
 head(.)
##   Species Sepal.Area Petal.Area
## 1  setosa   14.01936  0.2199115
## 2  setosa   11.54535  0.2199115
## 3  setosa   11.81239  0.2042035
## 4  setosa   11.19978  0.2356194
## 5  setosa   14.13717  0.2199115
## 6  setosa   16.54049  0.5340708

We can think of the above function definition notation as having two blocks: the alias defining block (the portion before "%in_block%") and the templated function body (the portion after "%in_block%"). Notice how easy it is to use this notation to convert a non-standard (or name/code-capturing interface) into a value-oriented interface. The point is value-oriented interfaces are much more re-usable and easier to program over (use in for-loops, applies, and functions).

The second new feature is the orderv() function, a value-oriented adapter for base::order(). orderv() uses a vector of column names to compute an ordering permutation for a data.frame. We can use it as we show below.

library("wrapr")

sort_columns <- qc(mpg, hp, gear)
ordering <- orderv(mtcars[ , sort_columns, drop = FALSE],
                   decreasing = TRUE,
                   method = "radix")
head(mtcars[ordering, , drop = FALSE])
##                 mpg cyl  disp  hp drat    wt  qsec vs am gear carb
## Toyota Corolla 33.9   4  71.1  65 4.22 1.835 19.90  1  1    4    1
## Fiat 128       32.4   4  78.7  66 4.08 2.200 19.47  1  1    4    1
## Lotus Europa   30.4   4  95.1 113 3.77 1.513 16.90  1  1    5    2
## Honda Civic    30.4   4  75.7  52 4.93 1.615 18.52  1  1    4    2
## Fiat X1-9      27.3   4  79.0  66 4.08 1.935 18.90  1  1    4    1
## Porsche 914-2  26.0   4 120.3  91 4.43 2.140 16.70  0  1    5    2

Of course we have also have all the steps wrapped in a convenient function: sortv().

mtcars %.>%
 sortv(., 
        sort_columns,  
        decreasing = TRUE,
        method = "radix") %.>%
 head(.)
##                 mpg cyl  disp  hp drat    wt  qsec vs am gear carb
## Toyota Corolla 33.9   4  71.1  65 4.22 1.835 19.90  1  1    4    1
## Fiat 128       32.4   4  78.7  66 4.08 2.200 19.47  1  1    4    1
## Lotus Europa   30.4   4  95.1 113 3.77 1.513 16.90  1  1    5    2
## Honda Civic    30.4   4  75.7  52 4.93 1.615 18.52  1  1    4    2
## Fiat X1-9      27.3   4  79.0  66 4.08 1.935 18.90  1  1    4    1
## Porsche 914-2  26.0   4 120.3  91 4.43 2.140 16.70  0  1    5    2

For details on "method = "radix"" please see our earlier tip here.

A third new feature is Skirt Pockets Flare with Navy Floral Blue Front Dress Awx1qdzxpn. Fur Kate Pea Cream Coat In Spade Collar Briella Wool mk_formula() is used to build simple formulas for modeling tasks (which may have a large number of variables) without any string processing or parsing.

Our usual advice for building simple formulas has been to use the paste()-based methods exhibited in "R Tip: How to Pass a formula to lm". This remains good advice. However mk_formula() is a more concise and more hygienic alternative. An example is given below.

# specifications of how to model,
# coming from somewhere else
outcome <- "mpg"
variables <- c("cyl", "disp", "hp", Spade Coat Collar Briella In Wool Cream Kate Fur Pea "carb")

# our modeling effort, 
# fully parameterized!
f <- wrapr::mk_formula(outcome, variables)
print(f)
## mpg ~ cyl + disp + hp + carb

model <- lm(f, data = mtcars)
print(model)
## 
## Call:
## lm(formula = f, data = mtcars)
## 
## Coefficients:
## (Intercept)          cyl         disp           hp         carb  
##   34.021595    -1.048523    -0.026906     0.009349    -0.926863

The above notation is good for programming over modeling tasks.

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